The Civil Protection Code

The Civil Protection Code, introduced by Legislative Decree No. 1 of January 2, 2018, comes to simplify and simplify civil protection provisions in a single text.

The reform confirms a polycentric National Service model and aims to ensure a linear, effective and timely operation.

With regard to forecasting, the Code provides for innovations in the study of risk scenarios. The forecasting activity is preliminary to the warning system and civil protection planning. With regard to prevention activities, the evolution of the subject over time is considered, clarifying that the scope of prevention is both structural and non-structural, also in an integrated form.

With respect to the management of national emergencies, the norm introduces the state of mobilization, which allows the territorial system to mobilize its resources and ask for the contribution of national resources, even before the declaration of the state of emergency.

The Code also reaffirms the key role of planning and aims at overcoming a " filling in " concept of Plan in favor of an evolved vision aimed at the full operativeness of this tool.

The regulation specifies the types of risk: seismic, volcanic, tsunami, hydraulic, hydrogeological, adverse weather conditions, water shortage, and forest fires. It also specifies the risks on which the National Service may be called to cooperate: chemical, nuclear, radiological, technological, industrial, transport, environmental, sanitary, uncontrolled re-entry of satellites, and space debris.